International Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation
  • Date submitted: 24 Oct 2011
  • Stakeholder type: Major Group
  • Name: International Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation
  • Submission Document: Not available
Keywords: Tax (5 hits),

General Content

a) What are the expectations for the outcome of Rio+20, and what are the concrete proposals in this regard, including views on a possible structure of the Outcome document?

The International Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation (IPA) is an accredited NGO with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations. Sustainable Development is one of our foci and we collectively engage .to address the root causes of poverty, especially by confronting personal and corporate greed which exploit Earth, her people and the whole community of life.・ Having our presence in 22 countries in both Global North and South, the members of IPA across the world have been in conversation in the lead up to Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development and have actively participated in DPI/NGO 64th Annual Conference on .Sustainable Societies: Responsive Citizens・.

The particular focus for conversation was to consider the Principles which we believe should underlie a Green Economy within the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. The outcome of our conversations is presented below as input to the compilation document.

1. Expectations for the outcome document of Rio+20

The following Principles will be basic to an understanding of the Outcome Document:

1.1 Respect for life, which includes recognizing the laws of nature and affirming the interdependence of all life forms on earth and the dependence of the human species on a healthy ecosystem.

Without this base any other principles are utilitarian. The care of the earth and concern for the most vulnerable in our world should dominate the discussion at Rio+20 Conference. Too often the priority is on economic gain and a materialistic philosophy, to the detriment of the impact on the environment and society. So companies and industry benefit first. However, emphasis on the .market・ and promotion of jobs through a supposed .trickle down・ effect has done little to alleviate poverty and the destruction of the Earth. Respect for all life and the values of the Earth Charter must be explicitly targeted in the document. We believe that the only way for humankind to survive on our planet home is to develop another system, with another relationship with nature. The values of the Earth Charter are not to be overlooked.

1.2 That a green economy recognizes the relationship between gender equality and sustainable development and women・s role as change agents and community builders.

While the role of women as carers and nurturers of people and Earth has played a critical part in social and environmental development, women・s capacity is under-utilized. Gender equality and sustainable development are key to positive outcomes of Rio+20 Conference and require greater investment in women・s leadership and role in decision making in new economic development opportunities.

1.3 Importance of Education: All stakeholders need to be educated holistically, from cradle to grave, on the inter-relatedness of the three pillars of development: social, economic and environmental
Education at all levels of society will ensure that the outcomes of Rio+20 Conference are met with informed action which will eradicate poverty. Education will empower those living in poverty to follow new paradigms different from those used by developed countries. Education will challenge the so-called .developed・ countries to reduce over-consumption, reduce their ecological footprint and realize that we share one Earth where each being has rights to a fair share of its resources. Education will change mindsets so that nature can no longer be regarded as a commodity.

1.4 A green economy acknowledges that there are common but differentiated responsibilities.
Developed nations must commit to the use of technologies which drastically reduce dependence on fossil fuels, and to providing incentives to ensure these technologies are affordable and used by the majority of consumers. Developed countries must commit to supporting developing countries through technology transfer and financial support. Principles that support an equitable economy for all people and the environment will bring about a radical change in our consumerism and market driven attitudes and policies. A green economy must be socially just, redistributive and responsible and not foster a new generation of .green billionaires・.

1.5 Good management of forests is essential to the development of a green economy.
:Forests are a key part of the .ecological infrastructure・ that supports human well-being.; A balance between society・s demand for forest products and the preservation of forest health and diversity is required to maintain their biodiversity, productivity, regeneration capacity and vitality now and in the future. Good management will ensure that this balance which is critical to the survival of the forests and the future of forest- dependent communities is maintained.

b) What are the comments, if any, on existing proposals: e.g., a green economy roadmap, framework for action, sustainable development goals, a revitalized global partnership for sustainable development, or others?

c) What are the views on implementation and on how to close the implementation gap, which relevant actors are envisaged as being involved (Governments, specific Major Groups, UN system, IFIs, etc.);

2. Views on implementation, and how to close the implementation gap

2.1 As sustainability issues apply across every sector, effective leadership and political will, committed to the principles of intergenerational sustainability, are vital to achieving success.

2.2 Incentives to be provided to corporations for developing sustainable practices, disincentives for non sustainable practices and sanctions imposed for failures to meet national / international obligations.

2.3 Progress indicators need to be .greened・

2.4 More authority and support need to be given to Environmental Protection Agencies (EPA). These have faced growing resistance to :regulations; in general, and to those proposed for the environment EPA in particular. With each de-regulation the corporations gain and the environment and people lose.

2.5 A Tax system needs to be operational to support renewable energy and Governments must be required to Tax pollution.

d) What specific cooperation mechanisms, partnership arrangements or other implementation tools are envisaged and what is the relevant time frame for the proposed decisions to be reached and actions to be implemented?

Specific Elements
a) Objective of the Conference: To secure renewed political commitment for sustainable development, assessing the progress to date and remaining gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development and addressing new and emerging challenges.

Contributions could include possible sectoral priorities (e.g., (e.g., energy, food security and sustainable agriculture, technology transfer, water, oceans, sustainable urbanization, sustainable consumption and production, natural disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation, biodiversity, etc.) and sectoral initiatives that contribute to integrate the three pillars of sustainable development could be launched and endorsed at Rio+20.

3. Emerging challenges for developing countries

3.1 Re: Farming
i) Monitoring and control over the exploitative practices of foreign countries which buy large tracts of land of poor and/or indigenous peoples and over-fish the oceans with their trawlers.
ii) Greater support for farmers who use sustainable practices

3.2 Re: Resource Exploitation
Commitment to redress the exploitation of the resources of developing countries: e.g. 99 year leases by national and foreign corporate entities of land titles of densely forested areas in PNG for logging purposes.

3.3 Re: Tax on Financial Transactions
The promotion of green practices and the alleviation of poverty supported by a Tax on financial transactions, for example the Financial Transaction Tax.

b) Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication: views regarding how green economy can be a means to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions, and poverty eradication; what is its potential added value; experience to date, including what has worked and how to build upon success, what are the challenges and opportunities and how to address the challenges and seize opportunities, and possible elements of an agreement in outcome document on a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication

4. Possible elements of an agreement.
4.1 Integrating the Green Economy with Poverty Eradication
? Strategies and policies in a green economy that will help alleviate poverty
4.2 Integrating the Green Economy with Food Security. This includes:
? enhancing rural incomes, employment and livelihoods
? Promoting development and transfer of green technologies for sustainable agriculture and food security.
4.3. Integrating the Green Economy with Energy Security
? Promoting universal energy access
? Renewable, clean energy and diffusion
4.4. Developing a framework for financial requirements and mobilization

c) Institutional framework for sustainable development: Priorities and proposals for strengthening individual pillars of sustainable development, as well as those for strengthening integration of the three pillars, at multiple levels; local, national, regional and international.

5. Governance

The Governance that emerges from Rio+20 Conference must be critiqued on the following formula: Is it a triple win? K..For the economy AND all people AND the environment.

d) Any proposals for refinement of the two themes. Recall that Resolution 64/236 describes the focus of the Conference: "The focus of the Conference will include the following themes to be discussed and refined during the preparatory process: a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication and the institutional framework for sustainable development".


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