Green development - perspective from Vietnam and Bangladesh
Organizing partnersUNDP, Bangladesh
IntroductionThe Ministry of Planning and Investment - Vietnam
a. Is a Government Agency, implementing state management in planning and investment field, including: synthesizing advice on socio-economic development strategies, programs and plans for the whole country; on economic management mechanisms and policies in general and in some concrete sectors: domestic and foreign investment, industrial and processing zones, official development assistance (ODA), procurement, enterprises, business registration nation-wide; state management on public services under the Ministry?s functions and responsibilities according to Laws.
b. Is assigned by the Government to be:
- Planning Agency for the whole country Socio-economic Development Strategies
(SEDSs) and Socio-economic Development Plans (SEDPs) preparation;
- Leading Agency for formulating and implementing Vietnam Green Growth Strategy.
- Standing agency for National Sustainable Development Council (NSDC);
- Focal point for MDGs and VDGs; Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth
Detailed programmeGREEN GROWTH ? PERSPECTIVE FROM A MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY
The green growth model is pursued by many countries in the world, especially in Asia Pacific region where remarkable achievements have been made to not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change impact, but to improve the quality of growth, change the structure of production and consumption patterns in a sustainable manner aiming to improve the quality of life.
As a developing country, the demand for Viet Nam to exploit and use natural resources for socio-economic development and poverty alleviation is an imperative. However, the country realizes that it can make use of resources more efficiently. This will enable the country to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Thus these efforts will support Viet Nam and the international community to address the major cause of climate change.
These challenges are key factors that require Viet Nam to have a new growth strategy. This strategy will provide direction and efforts towards awareness raising, formulation of proper policies and implementation of measures to drive the economic development to a "green" path. These efforts aim to improve the competitiveness and raise Viet Nam international profile in the international arena and negotiations.
Economic development driven by green growth aims to build a green economy and is a new development paradigm. Green growth is pursued by many countries in the world. In most cases, the decision to follow a green growth trajectory is not only driven by international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change impact, but to improve the quality of growth, change the structure of production and consumption patterns in a sustainable manner aiming to improve the quality of life.
Green growth is "the process of restructuring of economic activities and infrastructure to obtain better results from investments in natural, human and financial resources, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, exploiting and using less natural resources, creating less waste and reducing the social inequality" . Green growth promotes job and income generation for people through the investment of state and private sector, expanding environment-friendly industries and eco-services. It thereby contribute to reducing poverty, improving quality of life and social justice as well as significantly reducing environmental risks and negative impacts by human activities on the environment.
Green growth, therefore, is a development pathway appropriate with the need to renovate model of growth and economic restructuring in the coming period in Vietnam. It fits with the perspective and orientation set by the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam and it is elaborated with the Socio-economic Development Strategy for the period 2011 to 2020: "It is required to develop a sustainable economy, to maintain macroeconomic stability and ensure economic security. To promote economic restructuring, transformation of growth model, give top priority to growth quality, productivity, efficiency, competitiveness; focus on intensive development and knowledge economy. Economic growth must be combined in harmony with cultural development, social progress and equity, continuous improvement of the quality of life of the people. The socio-economic development should always take into account the protection and rehabilitation of the environment and active response to climate change".
This green growth strategy is meant as an overarching document for sectors, localities, organizations, and individuals. It aims to shift the growth pattern, restructure the economy towards sustainable development, and mitigate impacts of climate change. Green growth aims to achieve sustainable poverty reduction, ensure social justice, protect the environment and enrich the natural resource base for the country?s next stage of development. It will also realize Viet Nam's international commitments as laid out in various multilateral environmental agreements concerning sustainable development (UNCSD (UN Conference on Sustainable Development)-Rio plus 20) and the global response to climate change (UNFCCC-United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).
With this viewpoint, the Green Growth Strategy in Vietnam is a method to accelerate the process of economic restructuring towards the efficient use of natural resources, reducing greenhouse gas emissions through research and application of modern technologies, developing infrastructure to improve the entire efficiency of the economy, coping with climate change, contributing to poverty reduction, and driving the economic growth in a sustainable manner.
- Short remarks from Government of Vietnam (5min)
- Interventions/panelists by rept from Korea, Indonesia, UNDP and WB (3 mins each)
- Presentations of VGGS (10 mins)
- Presentation of Myanmar
- Presentation of Bangladesh