- Lead-organizer: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
- 09:30 - 11:00
- Date: 18 Jun 2012
- Room: P3-6
Summary Report of the ICIMOD Side Event: Mountain Knowledge Solutions for Sustainable Green Economy and Improved Water, Food, Energy, and Environment Nexus
Mountain knowledge solutions for sustainable green economy and improved water, food, energy, and environment nexus
Organizing partnersLead organizer:
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal
Govt. of Nepal,
Stockholm INternational Water Institute (SIWI),
Global Gender Climate Alliance, GGCA
IntroductionSustainability at every level, from an individual household to the global community, depends on secure supplies of, and equitable access to, water, food, energy and biodiversity. Mountains play a vital role in this nexus, particularly in the provision of water and biodiversity services. Mountain ecosystems are much more significant today than they were in 1992 due to the emerging climate and global changes and challenges. The Rio+20 outcome document needs to recognize this new reality and take concrete actions since Mountains offer solutions both to kick-start a sustainable and equitable Green Economy and demonstrate inclusive development models that have reduced poverty and promoted social and gender equity in both upstream and downstream contexts. This side event will highlight and share local, national and regional knowledge-based solutions that are integrative, inclusive and supportive to the water, food and energy nexus and have promoted green growth strategies and reduced poverty.
Detailed programmeKnowledge gaps and solutions
Rapid global changes have creating entirely new knowledge gaps due to several drivers of change. Mountain water resources are potential and future source of energy from environmentally and socio-culturally appropriate hydropower development. Enhancing food and energy security will require long-term planning, enabling policies, and an institutional framework that offers incentives to the private and public sectors to accelerate the production and distribution of renewable energy, in a sustainable manner and under rapidly changing conditions. Although this is not an easy task but the knowledge gap is being filled up through multi-disciplinary research and regional co-operation in the Himalayan region.
The contribution of mountain ecosystems to global food security is not only limited to water and energy supply. Mountain communities have long been silent custodians of agro-biodiversity. Women in particular play a key role on this domain. Mountains are reservoirs of the wild relatives of domesticated crop species ? the genetic resources we need to supply the world's future food and fibre needs. The benefits derived from mountain ecosystems go far beyond their boundaries. Policies that provide incentives to people in mountain communities to better conserve and manage mountain ecosystem services have promoted culturally appropriate green economies in both developing and developed countries. Women in mountain contexts have often been in the frontline managers and conservationists of rich mountain environments, natural resources and culture. Organic agriculture in HKH region has localized food systems and also created the potential to mitigate the global greenhouse gas,
Glaciated and snow-clad mountains are the world?s water towers, supplying more than 50 percent of the fresh water needs of the world?s population. High mountains store an immense volume of water in the form of ice, snow, and sub-surface water, which is gradually released to support food, energy, and biomass production and to provide water for drinking, sanitation, domestic needs, and industry.
For example, there is huge variability in future water supply scenarios in terms of volume, seasonality, rainfall intensity, and frequency. The new knowledge gaps include uncertainties about water supply situation in different river basins as well as incidence of worst floods and droughts and how such water-induced disaster will impact food and energy production. Recent work done in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region have indicated that integrated water resources management approaches at basin level are the way forward to tackle future water related problems.
Mountain water resources are also a future source of energy from hydropower development. Enhancing food and energy security will mean long-term planning, enabling policies, and an institutional framework that offers incentives to the private and public sectors to accelerate the production and distribution of renewable energy ?in a sustainable manner under rapidly changing conditions. Micro Hydro Plants (MHP) have proven an ideal energy source for remote and fragile mountain environments as it better responds to local economic, physical and social needs and specificity;
Contribution to the outcome of UNCSD
The side event will contribute to the `The Future We Want? outcome document by highlighting the underutilized resources generated by mountains as global public goods supplying water for life, food for health, and clean energy for prosperity. Research and knowledge pilots focused on mountain issues including conservation of fresh water resources and critical biodiversity, maintenance of gene pools, and protection of forest, wetland, and rangeland ecosystems, with particular attention to strategies for enhancing people?s livelihoods and wellbeing will be shared and action proposals presented. Traditional knowledge and adaptive solutions, especially relating to natural resource management practices and organic farming systems will be highlighted as invaluable assets for sustainable management of renewable natural resources that can support green economy and poverty reduction programmes.
The Side Event Programme:
The side event plans to share presentations from different partners with concrete solutions in the area of water management, organic farming and micro hydro plants at community levels. A Panel of policy makers will discuss policy lessons and actions that can be committed for post Rio+20 scenario.
1. Overall event paper: Mountain Ecosystem services & Green growth movement in greater Himalayan region - David Molden
2. Watershed management as green infrastructure for green jobs and food security -Govt. of Nepal
3. Biodiversity as ecosystem services for ensuring food security and livelihoods - MPS
4. Enhancing knowledge management and adaptation capacity through integrated water resources management in Himalayan river Basin ? Madhav Karki and Karin Lexén
5. Livelihoods and gender equity - Dr. Arzu Rana Deuba, GGCA
6. Data and Information gathering ? EVK2CNR
Panel ? ministers/policy makers from 4 to 5 Panelists: Policy makers from Nepal, Bhutan, India, and Pakistan