- Date submitted: 1 Nov 2011
- Stakeholder type: Member State
- Name: Nigeria
- Submission Document: Download
INPUTS FOR COMPILATION DOCUMENT
Nigeria welcomes the objective and themes of Rio+20.
Nigeria is convinced that effective preparation for Rio+20 will go a long way to achieve the overall goal of the Conference and translate to improvements in all facets of development at the local, national, regional and global levels.
a. Expectations for the outcome of Rio+20 and the concrete proposals in this regard, including views on a possible structure of the outcome document.
i. Rio + 20 should result in the adoption of realistic and effective solutions to move the planet forward in all areas of Agenda 21, Rio+5, Rio+10 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
ii. It should result in specific commitments backed by concrete actions to partner with, and support developing countries in specific areas of environmentally balanced development, in line with identified needs, priorities, agendas / plans of action presented by developing countries.
iii. It should result in enhanced commitment and practical actions with respect to cooperation and provision of relevant support in respect of means of implementation of the Rio and WSSD commitments. These specific areas should include:
a. Transfer of appropriate technology
b. Capacity building
d. Equitable access to benefits.
iv. The outcome document should be focused. It should be free of verbosity and be action oriented with specific targets and timelines. It should make provision for effective monitoring and evaluation, feedback and review of strategies to enhance goal actualization.
b. What are the comments, if any, on existing proposals, e.g. a green economy roadmap, framework for action, sustainable development goals, a revitalized global partnership for sustainable development, or others?
Nigeria welcomes the green economy as vital in the on-going effort towards achieving sustainable development. Nigeria believes that whilst the green economy offers a new platform for developing countries to jump start their economic growth, she endorses the positions of African Ministers at the fourteenth Special session of the African Ministerial Conference on Environment held in Bamako, Mali from 15th to 16th September, 2011; as well as the Africa Consensus Statement to Rio+20 adopted at the Africa Regional Preparatory Conference for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) held at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between 22nd and 25th amongst which are the followings:
? That the green economy should open new opportunities to advance the achievement of Africa?s sustainable development objectives;
? That the green economy should be a means to achieve Africa?s objectives of employment creation, economic growth and poverty reduction.
On the green economy roadmap,
? Agree that the transition to a green economy should be underlined by national objectives, social and economic development imperatives and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.For instance, in the case of Nigeria, it will mean mainstreaming transition to Green Economy into Govrnment Development Plans, such as Vision 20:2020 and Transformation Agenda
? Foster an understanding of the green economy in the context of Africa, in particular as a way to protect and sustain natural capital, improve resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production, and enhance contributions to development;
? Ensure that the green economy is not used as a justification for new barriers to trade or create conditionalities for trade, aid and access to finance.
Nigeria submits that individual African States should enter into Green Economy at its own pace and time; particularly, the economic growth of a country should not be held down for that country to practice green economy. Transition into it should be gradual and phased according to the socio-economic plan of the country so as to adequately safeguard existing living standards as well as put necessary safety network in place to guide against any social breakdown.
On Institutional Mechanism for sustainable development, Nigeria reiterates the need for a specialized, strengthened and upgraded United Nations body on Environment to report directly to the United Nations like the UN Women, the WTO, WHO and the WMO.
Towards achieving the above, Nigeria fully supports the outcomes of the African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN) that held in Bamako, Mali, 12th -16th September, 2011; regarding ?Strengthening the institutional framework for sustainable development, the environment pillar?, which ?re-affirmed the need for international specialized institution for environment, based in Nairobi, to emerge from the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2012 and the characteristics of such an institution? should among others include the followings:
i. Be an autonomous body that can set the global policy agenda for environment and provide guidance for environmental financing;
ii. Have a strong mandate and the political visibility to fulfill the key functions of an effective international environmental governance system as set out in the Nairobi-Helsinki Outcome, working with major economic and social sectors at the international level to ensure that their policies are mutually supportive of sustainable development. Nigeria also submits that the status of such an institution should be of equal stand with those highlighted above, and therefore be called ?World Environment Organisation ? WEO?.
Deriving from above, Nigeria also supports that the institutions for achieving the objectives of green economy should be established at regional, sub-regional, national and local levels of each entity of United Nations so as to provide a platform for further implementation of the programmes and projects that will ensure the attainment of sustainable development. Equally, such an organ will give a platform for ease of monitoring, evaluation and adjustment regarding the attendance of set targets, goals and objectives. It will provide the necessary integration among the three pillars of sustainable development as it will coordinate effectively the various entities responsible for the three pillars in a nation.
c. What are the views on implementation and on how to close the implementation gap, which relevant actors are envisaged as being involved (Governments, specific Major Groups, UN system, IFIs, etc)?
Nigeria recommends the establishment of an effective framework for implementation which should include the:
i. Development of specific Implementation Plan with targets and timelines.
ii. Establishment of a specific monitoring and evaluation plan to ensure effective implementation.
(iii) Establishment of a structure within the relevant approved structure of UN for the delivery of the outcome of Rio+20, that will be responsible for data gathering and analysis, translation to statisical data that could be used for planning, measurement, review and adjustments and further actions. Such a body should be replicated at each level of governance
d. What specific cooperation mechanisms, partnership arrangements or other implementation tools are envisaged and what is the relevant time frame for the proposed decisions to be reached and actions to be implemented?
In the spirit of Rio (cooperation), the need to strengthen North-North, South ?South, multilateral and bilateral cooperation cannot be over-emphasised. Partnership arrangements should be developed to ensure implementation of action plans and programmes to boost the achievement of sustainable development. National governments, sectors and their stakeholders should identify and adopt relevant cooperation and partnerships to address sustainable development components. All programmes, projects should be monitored and evaluated with a view to enhancing performance and achieving set goals and objectives.