- Date submitted: 1 Nov 2011
- Stakeholder type: Major Group
- Name: Japan Civil Network for the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity
- Submission Document: Download
Submission to the UN Conference on Sustainable Development Rio+20
November 1, 2011 Stakeholder Type: Major group (NGO) Japan Civil Network for the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity 3.11 Working Group
Contact Person: Makiko Imai email@example.com
Convention of the Biological Diversity was opened for signature at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio Conference in 1992. It now has 193 Parties and is regarded as the most important convention of the world. Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (Aichi Biodiversity Targets) was adopted at the tenth meeting of the Conference of Parties on Convention of Biodiversity (CBD-COP10) and the United Nations General Assembly declared 2011-2020 the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity (Resolution 65/161). Biodiversity is the basis of Society, Economy, and Culture. Without it, humanity cannot survive. Biodiversity and its concept ?Living in Harmony with Nature? shall be regarded as a basis of all the discussion in the United Nations. We must all agree to build the society which values biodiversity and respects life. Outcome of RIO+20 shall well represent such important points; both in discussion of Green Economy and the Institutional Framework.
Gap and Recommendation:
̶ Importance of biodiversity is still not well recognized even among the policy makers. With The UN Decade on Biodiversity, the United Nations should make every effort to improve this situation. World need philosophy, which calls for respect for life. Biodiversity can be it.
̶ Government vertical administrative structure has been a major obstructs. Every effect shall be taken in order to solve the problem.
̶ It is regretted that government with great influence, such as the United States of America, is not signed to the important conventions. Such issue shall be clearly addressed as world needs stronger political commitment.
̶ While the focus on low-carbon development and resource efficiency is important, we must not forget that respect for biodiversity is crucial for green economy. Inter-relationship between United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) shall be closely observed.
̶ While Sustainable Development is the issue for all of us, it is regretted that policymaking discussion is often highly technical and majority of the people are hard to participate. Resilient society shall be matured through the continuous dialogue with various stakeholders with different background, knowledge and skills. Every effort shall be made to encourage participation of the people who rely their lives heavily on natural resources and biodiversity. Voices of vulnerable groups, local community and small farmers, mother and children, youth shall be better respected.
One learning from 3.11 Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster is that nature is not controllable. We must have awe and respect for the nature and admit the limitation of scientific knowledge. It is agenda of our generations to review the existing development policy and take significant step for denuclearization.
Reference: Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020; Aichi Biodiversity Targets
The Vision: By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.
The Mission: Take Effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planet?s variety of life, and contributing to human well-being, and poverty eradication. To ensure this, pressures on biodiversity are reduced, ecosystem are restored, biological resources are sustainably used and benefits arising out of utilization of genetic resources are shared in a fair and equitable manner; adequate financial resources are provided, capacities are enhanced, biodiversity issues and values mainstreamed, appropriate policies are effectively implemented, and decision-making is based on sound science and the precautionary approach.
Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
Target 1 By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Target 2 By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning
processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
Target 3 By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
Target 4 By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
Target 5 By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
Target 6 By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
Target 7 By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Target 8 By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
Target 9 By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
Target 10 By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
Target 11 By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
Target 12 By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
Target 13 By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
Target 14 By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
Target 15 By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
Target 16 By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
Target 17 By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
Target 18 By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
Target 19 By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
Target 20 By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.