Latin American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons with Disabilities and their Families (RIADIS) and the Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD)
Information
  • Date submitted: 1 Nov 2011
  • Stakeholder type: Major Group
  • Name: Latin American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons with Disabilities and their Families (RIADIS) and the Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD)
  • Submission Document: Download
Keywords: Growth (1 hits),

Full Submission

Joint Submission by the Latin American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons with Disabilities and their Families (RIADIS) and the Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD)

Note: RIADIS is a network formed by disabled persons? organizations from 18 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. RIADIS' main goal is to promote actions that will result in full respect of human rights, non-discrimination and inclusive development, focused in a sustained improvement of the quality of living conditions of persons with disabilities and their families. GPDD is an unprecedented alliance of more than 70 international and regional Disabled Persons's Organizations (DPOs), government ministries, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations (UN) agencies, NGOs, national and international development organizations, and other organizations, committed to promoting economic and social inclusion of persons with disabilities in middle and low-income countries.

General Comments: Why to mainstream Disability in Rio + 20 Outcome

Inclusive development must integrate all the sustainable development strategies: A fair and just development comprehends equity, equality of opportunities, and protection of vulnerable groups. ?Progress tends to bypass those who are lowest on the economic ladder or are otherwise disadvantaged because of their sex, age, disability or ethnicity?.1 Development can be inclusive ? and reduce poverty ? only if all groups of persons contribute to creating opportunities, share the benefits of development and participate in decision-making.2 Also, to keep global Growth sustainable means a stronger focus on inclusion.3

Disability and poverty are intrinsically linked: More than a billion persons are estimated to live with some form of disability, or about 15% of the world?s population. Disability disproportionately affects vulnerable populations. There is a higher disability prevalence in lower-income countries than in higher- income countries. Persons from the poorest wealth quintile, women, and older persons have a higher prevalence of disability. Persons who have a low income, are out of work, or have low educational qualifications are at an increased risk of disability.4 Disability issues should be an integral part of collective efforts and a concrete step to reducing the risk and impact of poverty in any country.

As a Human Rights Issue, Disability is relevant to Sustainable Development: More than 100 countries are legally bounded to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) which sets out with great clarity the obligations on States to promote, protect and ensure those rights. Particularly, its Preamble notes that despite ?various instruments and undertakings? persons with disabilities continue to face human rights violations and barriers to their full inclusion and participation as equal members of society, and that the majority of disabled persons live in ?conditions of poverty.?5 It also anticipates that promoting the full participation of persons with disabilities ?will result in (?) significant advances in the human, social and economic development of society and the eradication of poverty,? and

1 UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, July 2011 http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ MDG2011_PRa_EN.pdf

2 UNDP. Inclusive Development. http://www.undp.org/poverty/

focus_inclusive_development.shtml

3 Sri Mulyani Indrawati, http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90778/98506/7350373.html

4 WHO World Report on Disability 2011

5 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, preambular para. (k) and (t)


highlights the ?importance of mainstreaming disability issues as an integral part of relevant strategies of sustainable development.?6

All MDGs are relevant to persons with disabilities and persons with disabilities must be included in all MDG efforts: Although persons with disabilities are not included in any of the MDGs? Goals, Targets or Indicators, recognition of the need for inclusion in the MDGs is reflected in recent General Assembly Resolutions.7 In addition to representing a key target group under Millennium Development Goal 1 (?Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger?), persons with disabilities are also key targets when considering each of the other Goals.8

Disability is relevant to Gender Equity: Women have a higher prevalence of disability. 9 Women with disabilities experience gender discrimination as well as disabling barriers.10 Women with disabilities comprise three quarters of all disabled persons in low and middle-income countries.65-70% of women with disabilities in low and middle-income countries live in rural areas.11 Women in general are more likely than men to become disabled because of poorer working conditions, poor access to quality healthcare, and gender-based violence.12 Only around 19% of women with disabilities are in the global workforce.13

Because of increased risk of gender-based violence and lack of access to reproductive health care services, women with disabilities face unique challenges in preventing HIV infection. They experience significantly lower rates of primary school completion and fewer mean years of education than man with

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6 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, preabular para (m)

7 A/RES/65/186 Realizing the Millennium Development Goals for persons with disabilities towards 2015 and beyond;

A/RES/64/131 Realizing the Millennium Development Goals for Persons with Disabilities; A/RES/63/150 Realizing the Millennium Development Goals for persons with disabilities through the implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities;

A/RES/62/127. Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons: realizing the Millennium Development Goals for persons with disabilities; A/RES/60/131 Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons: realizing the Millennium Development Goals for persons with disabilities;

A/RES/58/132 Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons:

towards a society for all in the twenty-first century

8 E/CN.5/2008/6 Mainstreaming Disability in the Development Agenda

9 World Report on Disability

10 Ibidem

11 USAID. Women with Disabilities. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/cross-cutting_programs/

wid/gender/wwd_statistics.html

12 ILO Ability Asia http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/ability/

wwdtext_01.htm

13 World Report on Disability

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disabilities and women without disability14. Mortality rates amongst girls with disabilities are much higher than for boys with disabilities.15

Disability Issues related to Green Economy

? Persons with disabilities lack access to water more often than their non-disabled peers: In developing countries, persons with disabilities have to travel long distances to get water. Information about water distribution, points of water distribution and water access, water pump design, and water containers are not accessible. In addition, for many, there is a lack of social networks or assistance where needed. Prevention messages on water safety are not accessible. Disproportionately expensive water has a serious impact on persons with disabilities living in extreme poverty.16

? Persons with disabilities are among the most affected by climate change and natural disasters: Individuals with disabilities are disproportionately affected in disaster, emergency, and conflict situations due to inaccessible evacuation, response and recovery efforts. Common experience reveals that persons with disabilities are more likely to be left behind or abandoned during evacuation in disasters due to a lack of preparation and planning, as well as inaccessible facilities and services and transportation systems. Most shelters and refugee camps are not accessible and persons with disabilities are many times even turned away from shelters and refugees camps. Disruption to physical, social, economic, and environmental networks and support systems affect persons with disabilities much more than the general population. There is also a potential for discrimination on the basis of disability when resources are scarce. Furthermore, the needs of persons with disabilities continue to be excluded over the more long- term recovery and reconstruction efforts.17

? Decent Work includes considerations to disability: Decent work is a clearly defined universal and indivisible objective, based on fundamental values and principles. While, in operational terms, it is an evolving target, changing to reflect varied national and local situations and taking due consideration of different levels of development and national capacity, its integrated and balanced nature cannot be compromised. Such an integrated approach must include policies, strategies, programmes and activities must target specific disadvantaged or marginalized groups, such as persons with disabilities.18

? Equal Transportation and livable buildings and cities require universal design and access for all: An accessible environment, while particularly relevant for persons with disabilities, has benefits for a broader range of persons, including children, pregnant women and older persons. Access to public accommodations ? buildings and roads ? is beneficial for participation in civic life and essential for education, health care, and labour market participation. Transportation provides independent access to employment, education, and health care facilities, and to social and recreational activities. Without accessible transportation, persons with disabilities are more likely

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14 Ibidem

15 World Bank. Disability & Development. Women with Disabilities. http://go.worldbank.org/ O14DRFLK90

16 International Disability Alliance. Item 3 Clustered interactive dialogue with the independent experts on water and sanitation, and extreme poverty. 14 September 2010

17 UN Disability http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?id=1546

18 ILO, Toolkit for Mainstreaming Employment and Decent Work, 2007


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to be excluded from services and social contact. A lack of accessible communication and information affects the life of many disabled persons.19

Disability and the institutional framework for Sustainable Development

? Good Governance requires the participation of persons with disabilities: Often persons with disabilities are excluded from decision-making in matters directly affecting their lives.20 There is a need to consult persons with disabilities and their organizations on their concerns more closely in making sustainable development more inclusive.

? Rio + 20 processes and products must be accessible to All: Websites should be rendered accessible, caption should be widely provided and reports in alternative communication formats should be available


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19 World Report on Disability

20 Ibidem

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