Provincial Consultation on National Sustainable Development Strategy Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK)
12 Apr 2012 - 12 Apr 2012The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) consultation on National Sustainable Development Strategy was the last of the consultative process for Rio+20 and NSDS, held on the 12th April 2012 at Pearl Continental hotel Peshawar. Gilgit and Baltistan Province was also invited to participate in the discussions but unfortunately due to civil unrest and security reasons the participants were unable to attend.
10:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Pearl Continental hotel Peshawar
10:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Pearl Continental hotel Peshawar
? Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region has diverse plains, therefore any strategy which is developed should have focus on natural disasters and conflict. A comprehensive development strategy has been developed by KPK. Parameters to measure the sustainability of the nation should be defined to identify the measures for the implementation of sustainable development strategies.
? Siachin glacier incident was mentioned in the context of man-made disaster caused by activities and damage to the eco-system.
? Representatives from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas should be made part of the policy making process related to environment especially. Policies related to climate change and environment has always been sidelined due to emergency and humanitarian issues. Environment is overshadowed by the disasters.
? Policies and strategies are always defined but never implemented. A programme should be defined to implement the strategies and policies. Identify the obstacles to the solutions and then we can implement the strategies.
? Lack of implementation of all strategies and policies. Governance factor, corruption.
? There is need for political sensitization, costing of the environment, putting something in numbers, environmental budgeting.
? Economic, social and environment issues are talked about but law and order situation has not been addressed in the context of sustainable development. Therefore it is very crucial to look at the sustainable development issues in the context of existing security situation
? Lack of data availability hampers the policy implementation at all levels.
? Population is another major problem faced by Pakistan, which causes scarcity of resources especially water resources. Population was identified as a major problem, which is really difficult to solve, however the government should address the water conservation and watershed issues.
? The role of NGO?s and institutional setup should be defined further especially for the implementation phase of NSDS.
? After 18th amendment policies are framed at national level and implementation is at provincial level. Thus provinces should be taken on board. Implementation chapter should be redone; there should be provincial chapter that should address implementation. Also suggested to have strong presence of provincial representatives who will participate in the discussions on NSDS at Federal level.
? Role of awareness raising and education, the governments should be trained into international negotiations. In the context of KPK, the economy of this province is in bad shape (1980?s). FATA is important area, and it should be reflected in the document. Population growth is higher in FATA. Education is the key to inform the youth about sustainable and economic development and to prevent them from adopting the gun cultural.
? Funding Arrangement, additional chapter should be added on arrangement of funding. It is crucial to identify the sources of funding and where the funding for sustainable development will be drawn from.
? Lack of implementation: Actions should match the vision, lack of action is because there are no institutional arrangements, and institutional arrangements are not present because there is no money. There are no priority areas identified by the government and no proper allocation of funds. Thus, no sense of direction for fund allocations for implementing the strategies and policies. This affects the flow of money that forces to stop the implementation of projects. Lack of political commitment.
? Preventive measures: Planning is the weak link which causes failure; there is no long-term thinking. For instance health issues can be addressed if preventive measures are taken at earlier stage, for example, proper water and sanitation facilities, and waste management, to prevent water borne diseases. A suggestion was made to shift the health budget towards the environment, which will address concerns related to poor water management and sanitation, as well as waste management as a preventive measure.
? There are number of industries producing extremely toxic waste and chemicals. Monitoring of these industries is crucial and necessary to prevent such practices.
? Youth and Education: There are more than 65% population who are below 60-70 years. Project of one year is not enough. Educated society, spending in youth?sustainable development should be made part of the curriculum. Youth can be involved in this regard. Education institutions should be involved in the process. Accountability, monitoring and evaluation is missing in project implementations
? There is no focus on issues related to women in NSDS. Highlight the large population of women who play an important role in building up the society and for raising families. In the context of a young country like Pakistan, the NSDS cannot afford to exclude mechanisms to address children?s needs and their well-being.
? The strategy should be identified having short-term, mid-term and long-term goals.
? There should be equitable share of resources.
? There must be legislation to stop the misuse of resources. Policies should be translated into targets and action plans.