Information
  • Lead-organizer: Secretariat of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture - (sub of FAO)
  • 11:00 - 12:30
  • Date: 21 Jun 2012
  • Room: P3-F

High Level Round Table on the International Treaty

Organizing partners

Ministry of Agriculture-Brazil
Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Brazil
Ministry of Agriculture-Italy
H.E. L.P. Brekk Min. of Agriculture-Norway
FAO
AD HOC Committee on the Funding Strategy of the International Treaty

Introduction

As the Italian Minister indicated at the first HLRT, Italy is going to facilitate a second HLRT and that the most effective option of convening the 2nd HLRT would be to organize it in relation to the Rio +20 Summit under the auspices of the High Level Task Force of the BSF, which is currently chaired by H.E. Min. Lars Peder Brekk.



The main focus will be:



1. To highlight the interaction between the economy, biodiversity and food security;

2. To showcase the Treaty as one of the foremost legal instruments leading the agricultural field internationally with innovative mechanisms such as the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing and its Benefit-sharing Fund;

3. ?Facilitate the High Level discussion on the Potential Monetary and Non-monetary Benefits Arising from the Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources under the Multilateral System of the International Plant Treaty?.

It is proposed that the event will take place June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro.

Detailed programme

2nd High Level Round Table on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Rio de Janeiro ? June 2012
Memorandum

Context
Over the last 100 years, more than three quarters of all crop diversity has disappeared. Crop diversity provides the raw material for plant breeding, the tools for adaptation. These unique attributes, acquired over millennia including the ability to survive hot summers or cold winters, to thrive in dry conditions or in areas prone to flood, to withstand pests and disease ? are being irrevocably lost, putting global food security and economies at risk.

The global exchange of genetic material ensures nations can adapt to environmental and socio-economic changes. Nations are already interdependent in terms of their crop diversity; all depend on the genetic diversity in crops from other countries and regions. The current rate of climate change heightens this interdependence between countries. Coupled with the loss of diversity of crops it threatens our ability to feed a growing population. Never before has the need for exchange and use of genetic material been more important.

The International Treaty has been established as a direct international response to these global challenges. It directly contributes to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals, 1 and 7 of Ending poverty and hunger and ensuring Environmental Sustainability:
Is the governance structure which member nations have created to secure food crops - 64 of the most important crops for global food security, crops that together account for 80% of the food we derive from plants.
It creates a multi-lateral system of access and benefit sharing and the Benefit-sharing Fund
Addresses food security at a time when more than 75% of all crop diversity has been permanently lost and the world?s population is moving rapidly toward 9 billion.
The International Treaty sees 127 Governments working together as Contracting Parties to use crop diversity for food security in the context of climate change.

On the 7 December 2010 the former Italian Minister of Agriculture, his Excellency Giancarlo Galan, convened the 1st High Level Round Table on the ?Importance of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in Meeting the Climate Change Challenges, Enhancing Food Security and addressing Agro-biodiversity Erosion ", which was a highly productive and successful event.
It finalized several investment pledges for the Benefit-sharing Fund and initiated extensive discussions on innovative approaches to facilitate contributions to the Benefit-sharing Fund, as foreseen in the Strategic Plan and the Governing Body Resolutions.
Delegations led by Ministers or Vice-Ministers, demonstrated the huge importance that countries from all continents, both developing and developed, give to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Fully sixty of 126 Contracting parties were present.

Many speakers stressed that the Treaty needs better communication, outreach and public relations. This is important both to give it recognition and public space, but also to support the mobilization of funds for the Benefit-sharing Fund, from a wide and innovative range of possible sources.

The 2nd High level Round Table (Rio de Janeiro, June 2012)

On the basis of the good experience made in the 1st High Level Round Table we need to further enhance and promote partnerships with donors and to profile the Fund among high level political decision makers as referred in the Resolution 3/2011 adopted by the Governing Body of the Treaty in the last Session held in Indonesia on March2011.

As the Italian Minister indicated at the first HLRT, Italy is going to facilitate a second HLRT in this biennium. In follow-up to this undertaking, it was found during discussions with the Italian counterparts that the most effective option of convening the 2nd HLRT would be to organize it in close temporal vicinity of the Rio +20 Summit under the auspices of the High Level Task Force of the BSF, which is currently chaired by H.E. Min. Lars Peder Brekk.

As a concrete activity to be implemented in the course of the United Nations Decade for Biodiversity 2011 ? 2020, the 2nd HLRT will represents a momentum which will allow to discuss with the Contracting Parties, stakeholders and experts growing to discuss pressing issues regarding the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.

The main focus of the 2nd HLRT will be:

1. To highlight the interaction between the economy, biodiversity and food security;
2. To showcase the Treaty as one of the foremost legal instruments leading the agricultural field internationally with innovative mechanisms such as the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing and its Benefit-sharing Fund;
3. ?Facilitate the High Level discussion on the Potential Monetary and Non-monetary Benefits Arising from the Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources under the Multilateral System of the International Plant Treaty?.
It is proposed that the event will take place in June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro.
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