Earth Condominium Conference
17 Oct 2012 - 18 Oct 2012Elinor Ostrom debunks in her work the fatalistic notion associated to community management, i.e. the Tragedy of the Commons, and opens the doors for a possible 'happy end' that results from collective action. However, this approach recognizes the need for ?developing a new theory that explains phenomena that do not fit into the dichotomous world of ?market? and ?state?.? Such phenomena include the climate system, which through its properties, is impossible to divide or appropriate individually. So out of this context the legal concept of the condominium is advanced. It offers a third path of integrated management of different kinds of property that interfere with the common good. It is a form of hybrid property, which has been used with proven success in buildings, rural communities and common resource management between contiguous countries. By separating the different responsibilities and competencies of management, harmony is achieved between usually opposite interests and interfering types of property. Based upon this conceptual framework that organizes potentially conflicting interests over a common good, a task was initiated in 2007 to scale up this model on a global level..
Upon recognizing that the climate system has the dimension of a heritage, implicitly the responsibility is adopted to transmit a climate that sustains life of this generation to future ones. This lead Sobrino to propose the application of the fundamental principles of Common Heritage of Mankind to the climatic system itself, thus freeing it from any State or private appropriations, making it accessible to all, and managed institutionally and internationally. Accepting this dimension as a characteristic of the natural global systems, suggests an evolution beyond the current perception of the climate system as a ?Common Concern of Mankind?. Its intangible and functional character may further advance the idea of a common heritage towards a new category: Intangible Natural Heritage of Mankind.
If the challenge of the EcoBalance Conference was to combine several tools to operate an accountancy rooted within a global juridic support, this second conference aspires to create the structural conditions to delineate competencies that propel institutional innovation and the constitution of a World Environmental Organization. This Organization will have to secure, through EcoBalance management, a global governance of the common natural systems that no State can secure on its own and on wich we all depend. More Information