Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN)
- Date submitted: 1 Nov 2011
- Stakeholder type: Major Group
- Submission Document: Download
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Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) is a Nepali NGO having special consultative status with Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations. Remaining within the center of Credo of the International Rural Reconstruction Movement, RRN has been working with the poor and disadvantaged rural communities for the last two decades, focusing on the four-fold approach of rural reconstruction - education, health, livelihood and self-government.
Expectation for the outcome of Rio +20
? We are fast approaching to the deadline of 2015 for accomplishing the Millennium Development Goals set in 2000. But in most Least Developed (including Nepal) and some developing countries it has been found that most targets will not be achieved within the time-frame if the current pace of implementation continues. Therefore, this conference should give priority and be focused on contributing to the MDG targets by enhancing the linkages of socio-economic, political and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Poverty, hunger, gender inequality, lower degree of women empowerment, insufficient health facilities, inadequate education services, climate change and its disproportionatelyadverse impacts on the poor and vulnerable, and lack of sustainable livelihoods interventions have remained as characteristics of our part of the world. Overcoming these situations is important achieving sustainable developmentto improve the status of people living in these countries.
? Enforceable systems and country based as well as international mechanisms be developed and put into action for achieving sustainable development and minimizing the impacts on environment.
? Full commitment from the parties to Rio+20 for effective implementation of the Rio commitments and declarations.
Comment on existing proposals: e.g. a green economy roadmap, framework for action??
? Green economy will be the one among other issues during conference. We have some reservations supporting this idea, because we are not very much sure whether the focus on the sustainable development will get diluted due to disproportionate emphasis on green economy by ignoring other dimensions of sustainable development. We do have fear of governments that, focus on green economy will minimize the importance and target of sustainable development. Therefore, without dismantling the idea of sustainable development, the concern of green economy can be addressed and incorporated. By considering green economy as one of the overriding objectives of sustainable development and way out for poverty eradication, the social, economic and environmental consideration must remain balanced.
? It is said that green economy is low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive; which encourages public and private investments that reduces carbon emissions and pollution, enhance energy and resource efficiency and prevent the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. It is claimed that the Green Economy is the way out of the ongoing economic, climate, energy, water and food crises, by restructuring our economies to encourage and sustain green energy, green growth and green jobs. However, our goal is not only getting the green economy but to a sustainable world for all.
? There are some issues which the concept of green economy may not address adequately. Inequality in incomes, quality of life, and access to resources are some issues which are not the serious concerns under the conceptof green economy. Similarly, it has not defined approach to tackle the pollution from existing industries and environmental degradation.
Views on implementation
3c. Wesuggest to build mechanisms for developing partnership arrangement and other implementation tools under the direct supervision and participatory decision of any specified UN agency. While implementation in countries is concerned, this must adhere to the Accra Agenda for Action and Paris Declaration of the Aid Effectiveness mechanisms. Independent country systems, processes and mechanisms must be respected.
Suggestion on cooperation mechanisms, partnership arrangements or other implementation tools
3d. Collective effort can bring change which will be sustainable in essence. Therefore, we suggest for building mechanisms for implementing tools identified after conference by involving all the actors of the society viz. Civil Society Organizations, Farmers, Indigenous peoples, Community Based Organizations, NGOs, local authorities, youth, private sector and others in each country.
Suggestions on possible sectoral priorities include
4a. Environmental management, employment generation, natural resources management and agricultural development based on the fundamental principles of human rights, democracy and sustainable development.
Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication
We already discussed that the current concept of green economy does not address the status of inequality in incomes. Similarly access to resources is also one of the concerns in poverty eradication. Therefore, we cannot depend solely on green economy by introducing it as an important means for poverty eradication and sustainable development.
4c. Westrongly believe that including civil society/non-government sector in the process of negotiations and discussions as equal members will further make decisions collective and effective.
Possible themes which can be focused during conference
4d. the focus of the conference may include
? Poverty eradication and the institutional framework for sustainable development
Special focus should be given for poverty eradication with time bound targets.