The Feminist Task Force (FTF) from the Global Call to Action against Poverty (GCAP)
- Date submitted: 25 Oct 2011
- Stakeholder type: Major Group
- Submission Document: Download
- Additional Document:
Natural disaster preparedness a climate change adaptation
Natural disasters don?t discriminate, but people do. Existing socio-economic conditions
can lead to different outcomes in natural disasters even for demographically similar
communities, but the most vulnerable groups suffer more than others. Natural disasters
reinforce, perpetuate and increase gender inequality, making bad situations worse for
women. Therefore in disaster preparedness it is imperative to promote a culture of
participatory planning and implementation of disaster risk reduction initiatives. This can
build local and national government and civil society partnerships and cooperation in
support of local initiatives to dramatically reduce the costs of risk reduction, ensure local
acceptance and build social capital.
Women and men experience different vulnerabilities and cope with natural disasters
differently; therefore, an increase in the magnitude and frequency of natural disasters will
have different implications for men and women. Therefore gender mainstreaming is
essential to be considered in mitigation and adaptation policies, strategies and programs.
For example, as women?s asset determine how they respond to climate change
impacts it is necessary to provide them with education , resources and technology ,
promote their participating in decision making and others as fundamental issues that
will enhance their livelihoods in mitigation and adaptation.
The effects of natural disaster, emergencies and climate change are multifaceted: social,
political, and economic as well as environmental . While women are generally more
vulnerable but not helpless they exhibit surprising resilience and are key agents of
environmental transformation. Therefore there is a need to elaborate responses not
imposed from above, but modeled on needs, aspirations, knowledge and capabilities of
women and men that are then actively involved as crucial partners in Climate
Change mitigation and adaptation efforts.
There are limitations to what household and community action can do to reduce disaster
risk without government support, or without a broader infrastructure and service
framework into which community provision can integrate. Gender considerations should
be introduced in key critical issues on the climate change agenda, namely: mitigation, the
Clean Development Mechanism, adaptation and capacity building. Efforts should be
directed towards a wider application of a gendered approach even in other strategic
sectors, including, for instance, technology transfer and vulnerability studies.
Innovative approaches and tools that exist and develop by several CSO should be applied
creatively alt local governments using community based approaches- However, they
need scaling up with support from national governments.. Improved local governance is
usually built on partnership between competent and accountable local government and an
active civil society that can articulate needs and priorities. Capacity building and t
raining stakeholders on gender issues and link it to Natural disaster preparedness is
crucial to have women voices heard, a necessary conditions for risk reduction.
To address a gender perspective in DRR and in line with international legal instruments
and agreements, we as CSO request that Governments should :
? Implement a gender analysis and gender mainstreaming in coordination with
all Ministries responsible for disaster risk reduction, climate change, poverty reduction
and women/gender machineries;
? Mainstream gender into national policies, strategies and plans and implement a
gender approach in planning and programs;
? Ensure women and men?s equal access to natural hazard early warning systems;
? Develop and produce statistics desegregated by sex on impact of disasters, carry
out gender-sensitive vulnerability, risk and capacity assessments and develop gendersensitive
indicators to monitor and measure progress;
? Increase awareness of the public and media on the gender sensitive
vulnerabilities and capacities in disasters and gender specific needs and concerns in
disaster risk reduction and management;
? Organize and develop research on cost-benefit and efficiency of gendersensitive
policies and programs in disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and
? Link DRR and climate change adaptation from a gender perspective;
? Support gender-sensitive financial risk-sharing mechanisms, including risk
insurance and reinsurance;
? Improve disaster preparedness, response and contingency planning from a
gender perspective and make them respond to the specific needs and concerns of men and
? Increase women?s participation in disaster relief coordination and secure equal
access to disaster relief assistance between men and women;
? Build and enhance the capacities of professional communities and pertinent
national institutions to enable gender mainstreaming into all development sectors.
. guarantee trainings with gender perspective for preparedness and readiness with
respect to risk management, mitigation and adaptation, including planning and
resource management for programs and projects to this effect.
. take steps to guarantee early and timely alert processes for the prevention and
mitigation of risks..