The Russian Federation is presenting its submissions to the outcome document of the ?RIO+20? Conference (submissions of countries posted at www.uncsd2012.org).
The Rio Conference is to formulate and provide to the world community a new paradigm of sustainable development, that contributes to overcoming the modern challenges ? poverty, problems of employment, limited access to basic resourses, pollution of environment, depletion of natural resources and climate change. This new paradigm is to show the interrelationship of all three pillars of sustainable development (environment, economy and social issues) and should be based on the progress in implementation the decisions of the 1992 Earth Summit and 2002 Johannesburg Conference.
The Rio Conference is to agree on a list of specific goals and long term objectives up to 2030 or 2050. We also need to designate the issues related to implementation of previous decisions, accountability (periodicity/relevant indicators etc.), as well as intermediate analysis.
Outcome Document of the Conference
The Outcome Document of the Conference should give the world a new
paradigm of development and demonstrate the commitment of countries to follow
Based on this document the plans for concrete work should be developed to
achieve specific benchmarks declared in Rio (or later). The Russian Federation also
proposes to adopt in Rio the Earth Chapter (developed and endorsed in 2003 by
UNESCO) or Sustainable Development Chapter of (based on the Earth Chapter of
Structure ofthe Outcome Document
The Outcome Document should include:
Information on the main contemporary challenges to sustainable
development (poverty, unemployment, deficit of fresh water and food, limited
access to basic natural resources and wealth for many people; pollution of :
environment, ofbiodiversity loss, climate change, armed conflicts, etc.).
We believe that the following as elements should be included in a new
paradigm of sustainable development: change of consumption and business
concept -the way of life of the 21 century society based on development of
common values including a wide scale efforts to repair the accumulated
environmental damage, "green economy", whilst ensuring . the world's
Information on the progress in implementation of the Johannesburg
Proposals on long term development goals (2030/2050) The
development and coordination of specific long term sustainable
development goals (2030/2050) may require longer time, therefore, we
suggest that a relevant international organization should be instructed
to make a study and present to the UN its proposals using the MDGs ,
implementation experience up to 2015.
Recommendations to all social groups regarding the achievement of
the established goals: governments, international organizations,
business community, and civil society.
Means to achieve the goals -stakeholders, system of responsibility
and incentives, assessment 'of the size of investments and founding
Proposals on indicators. Although the GGP remains a most acceptable
indicator we need perhaps to have some new indicators that would in
a comprehensive manner reflect the support to sustainable
development, especially,.'its social and environmental components. The
development and coordination of certain new indicators may require
longer time, therefore, we would suggest to ' assign a relevant
international organization to study and present relevant proposals to
the United Nations.
Proposals on institutional changes should be developed (on the basis
of existing) global civil society networks to discuss and'elaborate the
ways to address the global problems of humankind. Many spheres of
humat;l activity and .international efforts related to maintaining
of human life on the planet Earth have absolutely
different information "dimensions" -various and inconsistent systems
of governance. Modem information media allow people from all
countries (educated population) to establish a direct contact on key
Issues of the world and jointly push forward the ideas of global
sustainable development in a large sense.
Comments on existing proposals: roadmap of transition
to green economy; framework for actions; sustainable development goals; a
revitalized global partnership or other.
The modern challenges to global sustainability
are the deficit of fresh water, T-f:lLe'-:lmo.yemch~lenges
energy, food, biodiversity loss, the growing number of natural and man-made
disasters, degradation of soils, etc. Many of these problems are due to climate
change. The deficit of resources will become more acute by the growth of
population in the 21-th century.
The new paradigm of development must inscribe the increasing requirements
of humanity into the natural planetary boundaries. Up to date we have accumulated
the knowledge about the limits of climate change beyond which ,irreversible
. processes may start. It is necessary to learn the "planetary boundaries" of other
resources that are experiencing pressure of human activity: such as flora and fauna,
,atmospheric air, soils, water resources, etc.
It is necessary to change the modem concept of consumption -in essence:,
the way of life (for the middle class). Humankind has started to live on credit from
nature, i.e, consume more than nature can reproduce. The main consumers arethe
most developed countries that have ensured for themselves high living standards
and relevant level of consumption of resources. Therefore, the use of resources and
relevant products to support basic requirements ,and relevant products consistent
with basic needs and better quality of life should reduce to a minimum the use of
natural resources and toxic materials as well as emission of waste and pollutants
during the entire service life so as not to endanger future 'consumption by the
generations to come. This should constitute the basis of the modem concept of
sustainable consumption and production. The developed countries must
demonstrate " their leadership in transformation toward " a new system of
consumption, as well as in developing common approaches to environment
assessment system and acceptable man-made. environment burden. The economic
activity should promote human development, i.e. fight poverty, provide more jobs
and access to education and public health, and basic vital resources (water, food,
energy). The more a country moves forward on the way of economic development
and social and institutional reforms the more business should be get involved in
addressing the problems faced by the society. There has not been y.et a common
concept of common objectives for business and society." The leaders of business
will need to have new knowledge and skills: they must know much better the needs
of society and understand what actually can ensure productivity. There is a need to
reformulate the objective ofbusiness: not simply to make profits but to develop
a positive net effect of economic activity in the framework of sustainable
development and stable growth. The new global partnership is based on the concept
of common values which implies greater efficiency of agriculture, better quality of
products, rational use of resources and environment protection. This means that the
economic growth goes together with the solution of social and environment issues.
Major transnational companies must demonstrate their leadership in social and
environmental responsibility of business through periodic reporting on the
implementation of plans for increased sustainability. Uniform standards must be
developed (similar to ISO standards) to· ensure transition to sustainable global
economy phased for different levels of development. The governments should
encourage the introduction ofnon-financial reporting standards in business practice
to disclose the activity of companies in the sphere ofenvironment protection and
In order to increase sustainability it is necessary to pay attention to reducing
the vulnerability of economies and society to extreme weather conditions, natural
and man-made disasters bydeveloping and improving the systems of early warning
and forecast in such events. It is necessary to note the important role of modern.
information technologies (Iritemet, cellular communications) in saving human hves:
through prompt dissemination of information on incoming threats. It is essential to
ensure mass access to these information technologies, especially at the local level
and in hardly accessible regions.
Sustainable development is impossible ill situations of armed conflicts.
Therefore, it is essential to use various comprehensive strategies for conflict
prevention and use the methods of joint settle11?-ent of problems, environmental
conflicts and other disputes. There is a need to create a global culture of tolerance,
non-violence and peace. Exceptional importance should be given to the:
development of moral and spiritual foundations in all social strata including the:
support to inter-religion dialogue at global and regional levels.
The projection of the transition of various parts of the world (with different
type of resources) to "green economy" (roadmap) should be developed in the form
of several (model) complexes in the light of structural specifics of national
economies and availability of relevant intellectual, managerial, natural and
financial resources. A step forward should be made from optimistic scenarios and
reliance on technological capacity in addressing global problems to well-calculated
development options and transition from one status to another.
Views on implementation and on how to close the implementation gap.
Which relevant actors are envisaged (Governments, specific major groups, UN
. .system, international financial institutions, etc.).
There is no universal model of implementation of sustainable development
principles since the countries vary by their level of development and potential of
transition to a more sustainable path; The success in implementation of a new
paradigm of sustainable.development depends on its adequate adaptation at----
national and local levels in the light of countries' specifics.
There is a need for efficient mechanism of interaction between governments,
business community and civil society in implementing the new concept of
The .government must develop legal norms and incentives for the transition
to a new path ofsustainable development.
Business, trade and investment activity are the main basis of prosperity and .
peace. However, in many areas the entrepreneurial activities are quite often
associated with serious negative effects such as exploitation, corruption, income
inequality, as well as barriers that prevent innovation and free enterprise. Big and
small business confront different problems at a regional level. Therefore, it is
necessary to prepare ' and start the global process of legal .codification of
recommendations to .business on responsible business practice that increases
confidence and social capital and contributes .to wide scale development and
-One of important functions in the new paradigm of sustainable development
should be assigned to science that ensures technological progress in all areas of
human activity and provides scientific justification to political and economic
decisions. It is also necessary to ensure equal access to scientific results and
knowledge at global, national and local levels.
An "important role in the implementation of new paradigm of sustainable
development should be played by the civil society, including large social
organizations, information networks and professional social policy institutions.
This implies the need to promote large scale public movement in support of
sustainable development as a priority of civil society and to chose this topic as a
priority area ofsupport from business and governments.
During the transition to global sustainability it will be necessary to
reconsider the system of coordination of the existing international organizations
and institutions in order to use in the best possible way their potential and
"effectively take into account their experience and data.
What specific cooperation mechanisms, partnership arrangements or
other implementation tools are envisaged and what is the relevant time frame
for the proposed decisions to be reached and actions to be implemented?
It is necessary to note the great importance ofthe UN Global Compact which
represents an association of representatives of business community .from over
100 countries of the world willing to coordinate their activity and strategies with
ten generally recognized principles in the area of human rights, job relations,
protection of environment and fight against corruption. By joining the Global
"Compact a company declares that it shares the conviction that business practice
based on universal principles contributes to greater sustainability, justice and
representation at global markets, and promotes the development of prosperous and
successful societies. The Rio Outcome document must call "on the major companies
to join the Global 'Compact and thus contribute to sustainable development. The
Global Compact should also be expanded through the involvement of small and
medium size enterprises.
Setting the priorities of joint actions implies that the world community will
adopt generally recognized rules of conduct and ethical code. The importance of
such a document h-ad been emphasized by the 1992 UN Conference in Rio back in
1992. As the basis of Sustainable Development Charter we could use the "Earth
Chatter" -. and required principles -of sustainable-development to ensure
environmental integrity, social justice, democracy and peace.
Although the GDP remains -the best applicable indicator we would need
perhaps to develop new indicators that reflect in an integrated manner the measures
to support sustainable development, especially its social and environmental
components. The development and coordination of specific new indicators of
sustainable development may require more time. The Rio conference can adopt
a relevant decision to develop such indicators next year in the light of experience in
setting and coordinating the MDGs. These are primarily the indicators of
environmental -and energy intensity (in terms of production and consumption) of
economic growth, and specific indicators of the level of pollution. We also need to
take into account the accumulated environmental damage, depletion of resources,
land degradation and iJ.?pact ofpollution on human health.
-The timeframe for eventual decisions of the Rio conference regarding the
long-term objectives of sustainable development is up until 2030 or 2050.
Objective of the Conference: To secure renewed political commitment of
sustainable development, assessing the progress to date and remaining gaps in
the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits -on sustainable
development and addressing new and emerging challenges. .
Contributions could include possible sectoral priorities (e.g. energy, food
security and sustainable agriculture, technology transfer, water, oceanS,
sustainable urbanization, sustainabl~
consumption and production, natural
disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation, biodiversity, etc.) and
sectoral initiatives that contribute to integrate the three pillars of sustainable
development could be launched and endorsed at Rio+20.
The Russian Federation proposes to examine the energy security as one of
the areas of international global cooperation where all three pillars of sustainable
development can be integrated. This cooperation should be developed pursuant to
political decisions taken on energy security and the existing practical inputs.
"Green economy" in the context of sustainable development and poverty
eradication: views regarding how "green economy" can be a means to achieve
sustainable development in its three dimensions, and poverty eradication;
what is its potential added value; experience to date, including what has
worked and how to' build upon success, what are the challenges and
opportunities and how to address the challenges and seize opportunities, and
possible elements of an agreement in outcome document of a "green economy",
in the context ofsustainable development and poverty eradication..
Recognizing the fact that there is no common definition of the "green
economy", the Russian Federation proposes to examine the "green economy" in a
wider context of sustainable social and economic development, i.e. without
separating economic, environmental and social aspects of development. For
example, a "green economy" in the countries with high per capita income (above
25-30 thousand dollars) -is a transition to recycling, rational consumption and
reduction ofpressure on environment. For emerging economies a "green economy"
-is the promotion of social stability in the framework ofhigh quality consumption
(without repeating the wasteful way of development during the period' of
industrialization in the 20th century). For the poorest countries -it is an
opportunity to create new models of growth and production of goods and services
required by the modem development.
The energy resources are critically important for improving the quality of life
and expanding the new opportunities for the citizens ofthe countries ofthe world both
developed and developing. No development objectives can be achieved fully
without providing resources and energy to billions of people in the developing
countries who currently are denied this opportunity.
The "green economy" creates not only opportunities but the risks as well the
transformations can create new jobs for some and deprive others; the full scale
use of new resource saving technologies requires a relevant policy of waste
disposal etc. It is necessary to carefully evaluate all risks and develop the policy of
transition to ' a "green economy" by minimizing the risks and optimizing
investments and outputs. A particular attention should be also be paid to the issues
In the context of transition to a "green economy" the world community is to
respect the right of countries to determine their own way of development, taking in
account the country specifics, and ensure equal rights to sustainable development.
The "green economy" should open new market opportunities rather than
become a source of expansion for "green protectionism".
Financial assistance/investments should be provided to developing countries
to develop low-carbon energy, including power generation on the basis of natural
gas and renewable sources of energy, since it is known that for example the shift
from coal to natural gas reduces twice as much the CO2 emissions.
The Russian Federation proposes to create a platform to study the best
practices of transition to a "green economy", lessons learned and benefits, and to
exchange relevant information.
Institutional framework for sustainable development: Priorities antl~
proposals for strengthening different elements of sustainable development, a~!
well as those for strengthening integration of the three pillars, at multipl.~
levels -local, national, regional and international.
We are of the view that the discussion led under the UNEP auspices on its
eventual institutional transformation we need to thoroughly and comprehensively
examine this issue in order to primarily achieve a wide international consensus in
addressing the task efficient to increase efficiency ofUNEP and fully implement its
Any proposals for refinement of the two themes. Recall th:at ResolutiolJ~
64/236 describes the focus of the Conference: "The focus of the Conference
will include the following themes to be discussed and refined during th.~
preparatory process: a green economy in the context of sustainable
development and poverty eradication and the institutional framework for