Finland
Focal Point
Ms. Annika Lindblom
Senior Advisor
Ministry of the Environment, Sustainable Development

Information
Side Events at Rio+20
Meetings
Publications

Green economy Practices/Policies/Initiatives in Finland
  • Carbon Tax (CO2 Tax)
    Finland introduced a carbon tax (or CO2 tax) based on the carbon content of fossil fuels in January 1990 as an instrument for climate change mitigation.
  • Eco Charge
    In 2008, approximately 188 municipalities out of approximately 450 had introduced an ?eco-charge? which applies to households at an average of 30 EUR per year per household.
  • National Bio-Economy Strategy
    In 2009 the Government of Finland decided to prepare a Council of State Natural Resources Strategy and, as a part of it, a specific National bio-economy strategy.
  • National Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    The Government adopted in October 2009 the Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy (Towards a thriving low-carbon Finland). Setting a target to reduce Finland?s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 per cent from the 1990 level by 2050 as part of an international effort, the report marks out the road to a low-carbon Finland in 2050.
  • National Strategy and Action Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
    In December 2006 the Finnish Government made the Decision-in-Principle on the National Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity 2006- 2016. The decision contains long-term outlines for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Finland.
  • Natural Resource Strategy for Finland
    As a country that is relatively rich in natural resources and blessed with high levels of know-how, Finland has particular strengths and interests in the context of promoting the sustainable and innovative use of natural resources.
  • Panel on Environment Innovation
    Ministry of the Environment of Finland has launched a national cooperation forum, Panel on Environment Innovation, for the term 2009-2011, in order to search for methods to better support environment policies in developing and implementing environment innovations.
  • Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production
    The national process on sustainable consumption and production (SCP) is an attempt to look into greening the economy or how to create wealth with a smaller footprint.
  • Registration Tax on Passenger Cars
    Motor vehicles in Finland are charged with both a one-time registration tax and an annual tax. The registration tax (also called car tax), which is levied on passenger cars, delivery vans and motorcycles when the vehicles are registered for the first time in Finland, was introduced in the 1950s to raise state revenue.The tax was changed in 2008 to guide consumers towards choosing car models which use less fuel.
  • Sustainable Public Procurement
    In 2009, the Finnish government passed a resolution that encourages all public actors to adopt sustainable procurement ? the central government, regional governments and the municipal sector.
  • Tax on disposable beverage containers
    Tax on disposable beverage containers has been very successful as a complement to the deposit-refund system (stemming from the 1950's).
  • Tax on Waste (Landfill Tax)
    Tax on waste (landfill tax), introduced in 1996, is the most important emission tax in Finland. The budgeted revenues in 2010 were at ?52 million.
  • Taxes on Fossil Fuels and Electricity
    Finland has raised the energy taxes to encourage more energy saving and better energy efficiency.
  • The National Strategy for Sustainable Development
    One of the main goals of the current Government Programme of Finland?s Prime Minister is to promote sustainable growth. The Prime Minister?s Office published "The national strategy for sustainable development" in 2006.
  • Waste charges
    Municipal waste charges cover costs related to the establishment, maintenance, decommissioning and clean-up of waste treatment facilities, and the transportation of wastes.
  • Water supply and sewerage policies
    Water supply and sewerage policies in Finland are designed to guarantee the availability of good quality drinking water, and to ensure that waste water is efficiently collected and suitably treated to acceptable standards.
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